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Saptvaar Vrat : 7 days fasts to appease God



7 DAYS FASTS - SAPTVAAR VRAT
There are seven days in the week. A different god governs each day. Depending upon the purpose of the fast, one fasts accordingly. A common reason for fasting is to get over the malefic effect of a particular planet or god, or to achieve something through a blessing of the god. For each day there is a different procedure, different ways to pray to God, and also a different katha to read or arti to sing. However one resolves to fast, one must understand the details of different fasts.


A fast on Sunday is devoted to Surya - the sun

Eye problems or those pertaining to heat and skin may affect one. Blessings from Surya enable one to receive honour and fame and achieve success over enemies. Food is eaten once in the day before sunset. Food must not be eaten after sunset. It must be free of salt and oil. It must not be tamsik. One must offer prayers to Surya and read or listen to the prescribed katha. Only then one must eat. To appease Surya one should wear ruby. When inclined to give charity one must give wheat, red pulses, jaggery, or metals like gold and copper or ruby amongst gems. The best time to give charity is at sunset.

A fast on Monday is devoted to Chandrama - the moon

Prayers are offered to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Since they had a long, happy married life, fasting on Mondays helps one find a suitable marital partner. There are three kinds of fasts observed on Mondays. The routine fast observed on a Monday is the saumya pradosh - the fast to seek pardon for a fault, and a fast for 16 Mondays. The procedure to be followed is similar, but in each case the katha to be read or heard is different. Food is eaten once in the day. Cereals are permitted. After prayers to Shiva and Parvati one must read or hear the appropriate katha. To appease Chandrama one must wear pearls and silver. When inclined to give charity, one must give white things like rice, white clothes, conch shells, silver or pearls.

A fast on Tuesday is devoted to Mangal - the planet Mars

It is believed that fasting for 12 Tuesdays helps overcome the malefic effects of this planet. All kinds of obstacles are overcome. It also brings fame and honour. Prayers must be offered to Hanuman. Use of red clothes and red flowers is auspicious. Food prepared of wheat and jaggery must be eaten once in the day. After prayers to Hanuman one must read the katha.

A fast on Wednesday is devoted to Budh - the planet Mercury

One must preferably eat green things once in the day. One must pray to Lord Shiva and follow it by reading or hearing the katha. To appease Budh one must wear emerald in gold. When inclined to give charity one must give moong (green gram - Phaseolus mungo), kasturi (musk), blue clothes, gold, copper and five gems.

A fast on Thursday is devoted to Brihaspati - the planet Jupiter

It promotes greater learning and prosperity. Prayers must be offered to Brihespeshwar Mahadev, followed by reading or hearing the katha. One must preferably wear yellow clothes and use yellow sandalwood. Food must be eaten once. One must include yellow pulses in the meal. To appease Brihaspati one should wear topaz in gold. When inclined to give charity one should give yellow things like turmeric, salt, yellow clothes, rice, yellow pulses, gold and topaz.

A fast on Friday is devoted to Shukra - the planet Venus

The procedure for this fast is similar to that of Monday. It is preferable that food is eaten once a day. It must include white preparations like kheer (rice porridge) or rabri (milk preparation). To appease Shukra one must wear mani (a gem) in silver. Those inclined to charity must give rice, white clothes, a cow, ghee, diamonds and gold.

A fast on Friday is also devoted to Santoshi Maa

She is the daughter of Sri Ganesh and blesses one with happiness and contentment. Prayers are offered to her followed by katha and arti. Food must be eaten once. This is a strict fast and nothing sour or acidic must be eaten or offered to anyone else. It is customary to fast for 16 Fridays. On the final day, young boys are fed.

A fast on Saturday is devoted to Shani - the planet Saturn

The effect of Shani is harsh and lasts for a long time. Therefore this fast is observed. Shani is fond of all kinds of black things like black clothes, black peas, black sesame, iron and oil. Prayers are offered to Shani followed by the katha and arti. To appease Shani one must use sapphire and iron. When inclined to give charity one should give black things like an iron vessel with oil, an umbrella, a black shoe, black clothes, black sesame and black peas.

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Durgaji Ki Aarti - Jai Ambe Gauri

Jai ambe gauri maiya jai shyama gauri
Tumako nishadin dhyawat hari bramha shivaji || Maiya Jai..||

Mang sindur virajat tiko mrigamad ko
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Kanak saman kalevar raktambar raje
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Kehari wahan rajat khadag khappar dhari
Sur-nar-munijan sewat tinake dukhahari || Maiya..

Kaanan kundal shobhit nasagre moti
Kotik chandr diwakar rajat sam jyoti || Maiya..

Shumbh-nishumbh bidare mahishasur ghati
Dhumr vilochan naina nishadin madamati || Maiya..

Chand-mund sanhare shonit bij hare
Madhu-kaitabh dou mare sur bhayahin kare || Maiya..

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Tum hi jag ki mata tum hi ho bharata
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Durga Puja Samagri (Items) - Checklist

Durga Puja Samagri List

1. Deity (statue/photo), Chunari, Shringaar items 
2. Two big lamps (with wicks, oil/ghee), 
3. Matchbox, Agarbatti 
4. Karpoor, Gandha Powder, Kumkum, gopichandan, haldi 
5. Sri Mudra (for Sandhyaavandan), Vessel for Tirtha, Yajnopavita , Roli, Moli(Kaleva)
6. Puja Conchshell, Bell, One aarati (for Karpoor), Two Aaratis with wicks
7. Flowers, Akshata (in a container), tulsi leaves
8. Decorated Copper or Silver or other Kalasha, Two pieces of red cloth (new),
9. Coconut, 1/2 kg. Rice, Bananas 6, gold coin, gold chain
10. Extra Kalasha, 3 trays, 3 vessels for Abhisheka 
11. Beetlenuts 6, Beetlenut Leaves 12, Banana Leaves 2, Mango Leaves 5-25
12. Dry Fruits, 5 bananas, 1 coconut - all for naivedya
13. Panchaamrita - Milk, Curd, Honey, Ghee, Sugar, Ganga Jal 
14. Puja Book,containing Aarti, Stotra, Chalisa, Stuti etc. 
15. Red flowers and red flower malas.
16. Also fruits and prasad as far as possible 21 varieties.
For more details consult your priest/purohit.

How to perform Durga Puja (Step-wise): Mantras, Prarthana, Aarti

Step-wise direction to perform Durga Puja First perform Kalash Puja or Ghatsthapana Now perform ‘Atma Puja’ for self-purification. This is done by the chanting of the following mantras: OM APAVITRAH PAVITRO VA SARVAVASTHAM GATOAPI VA, YAH SMRAIT PUNDARIKA AKSHAM SA VAHY ABHYANTARAH SHUCHIH. Explanation: Whoever contemplates upon Vishnu gets automatically purified, both mentally and physically. Tilak : Apply Tilak (an auspicious mark) on your forehead This is followed by ‘Achman’ (drinking of holy water after accepting it in the palm of the hand), which helps to wash off the sins committed by action, thought and speech. The mantra runs as follows: OM KESHAVAYA NAMAH, OM NARAYANAYA NAMAH, OM MADHAVAYA NAMAH, OM GOVINDAYA NAMAH. Explanation: I bow to thee Keshav, I bow to thee Narayan, I bow to thee Madhav, I bow to thee Govind. SANKALPA : To make a firm resolve (Sankalpa) to achieve the purpose of the ceremony. It is customary to take a little water in one’s hand and make resolve. AAWAHAN (Pra…

Ghatasthapana (Kalash Sthapana) Day & Time : Thu, 21 September 2017

Ghatsthapana : Sharadiya Navratra Ghatsthapana Day - Thursday, 21 Sep 2017
Ghat Sthapan Muhurat - 06:15 to 08:05 AM 
अभिजीत मुहूर्त और लाभ चौघड़िया में भी आप बिना किसी विचार के घटस्थापन कर सकते हैं ।

* Delhi, India Local Time (IST)
- Pratipada Tithi Until 10:34 AM of 21st Sep 2017


The first day of Navratra is called Ghatasthapana, which literally means pot establishing. On this day the kalash, (holy water vessel) symbolising Goddess Durga often with her image embossed on the side is placed in the prayer room. The kalash is filled with holy water and covered with cowdung on to which seeds are sown. A small rectangular sand block is made and the kalash is put in the centre. The surrounding bed of sand is also seeded with grains.


The Ghatasthapana ritual is performed at a certain auspicious moment determined by the pundits. At that particular moment the priest intones a welcome, requesting goddess Durga to bless the vessel with Her presence. At several places there is a tradition of sowing bar…